Real knowledge about the cosmos (and its origin) must be given to us by God.

Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, and saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep; all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation.  (2nd Peter 3:3-4)


Notice the scoffer’s assumption  —  that “all things continue as they were from the beginning of creation”  —  yet that assumption is FALSE.  Just as the embryology of a baby human is not representative of how a born human grows and develops, the origin of our cosmos, during Creation Week (which wonderful week of mighty miracles preceded Adam’s sin in Eden), was not then experiencing natural processes that are typical of (i.e., commonplace in) the cosmos we now live in.  How fast did starlight travel before Adam sinned?  The real answer is that we don’t know  —  yet we do know that the starlight that God made during Creation Week did accomplish His declared purposes for that starlight, which purposes required distant starlight to be promptly visible to mankind on Earth.   (Of course, this is why we need an open Bible to know real truth!)

However, if some theorist imagines and assumes (with a closed Bible) that the original starlight was limited in its transmission velocity, to what we today call “the speed of light”, that theorist could easily (though wrongly) infer that visible starlight must be eons older than the humans on Earth who see that starlight, after it arrives, visually speaking.  (But that “speed-of-light-is-always-constant” assumption is wrong when applied to Day 4 of Creation Week, just as uniformitarian assumptions also clash with many other miracles done by God during other days of Creation Week.)

So how old are the galaxies, and all of the stars in those galaxies?  Since those stars (and galaxies) were formed on Day 4, during Creation Week, we cannot know how many years ago that was  —  unless and until God, the only Eye-witness, chooses to tell us.  And, thankfully, God has done just that — He has told us about the chronology of His creation — in the book of Genesis.

Consequently, we stumble in the dark, about the true age of creation, only if we ignore the divine revelation that God has graciously given unto us:  the Holy Bible.    The Bible provides us with lots of valuable truth about many topics, including cosmogonical topics  —  so the real question is what will we do with God’s truth?  Will we prioritize and rely upon it?  Or will we effectively displace it by relying upon Einstein’s relativity postulates (by transmogrifying a modern cosmology theory into a jake-leg cosmogony “history”), when doing so is illogical?  (Because there is no rational basis for assuming today’s speed-of-light “constant” was applicable, during Day 4 of Creation Week.)

If we assume–wrongly–that distant starlight is only allowed to travel as the current speed of light (which most physicists deem a constant velocity), even on Day 4 of Creation Week, we err by committing the Uniformitarian Fallacy.  (This same fallacy would lead us to err in guessing the true age of Adam, at the end of Day 6 of Creation Week.)

Biblical creationists (especially creationist astrophysicists, who all-too-often confuse cosmology, an empirical science  —  with cosmogony, a forensic science) have no excuse for committing the Uniformitarian Fallacy  —  especially because that irrational fallacy was prophesied by the apostle Peter, who warned us that scoffers would assume that present processes are (supposedly) the key to knowing about unique events that occurred in the no-longer-observable past.  [For more analysis of how distant starlight makes sense in a created-mature cosmos, see Don B. DeYoung, “Mature Creation and Seeing Distant Starlight”, JOURNAL OF CREATION, 24(3):54-59 (December 2010).  For more analysis regarding the indispensable need for reliable eyewitness testimony, in forensic science, see James J. S. Johnson, “Genesis Critics Flunk Forensic Science 101”, ACTS & FACTS, 41(3):8-9 (March 2012), posted at   —  and “What Good Are Experts?”, ACTS & FACTS, 41(3):8-9 (March 2012), posted at .]



Dr. James J. S. Johnson

Deists pegged Earth’s years in the millions

Many stretch that, today, to the billions   —

Dismissing Day 4,

God’s Word they ignore,

Thus erring by margins of billions.


Assuming light’s speed stays the same,

The year-count’s a wild guessing-game;

But Day 4’s light-speed

Is what God decreed  —

And not what it later became.


Light’s speed, now, is not “key to the past”,

Since, on Day 4, it sped super-fast;

It flashed then, in an instant —

Yet its speed, now, is constant;

Displaying God’s power, unsurpassed!

Real knowledge about the cosmos, and especially about it origins, can only be learned by starting with God’s gifts of revelation – both Scripture and Scripture-based science – if we are serious about learning the truth about the cosmos. (See Psalm 19; Hebrews 11:3; John 5:44-47.)   But, in order to avoid the Uniformitarian Fallacy, we must carefully remember that it is holy Scripture (which provides us with true information from our infinite and perfect God) that informs our “science” (which is limited by our finite and imperfect knowledge-base).

Truly, the Heavens declare the glory of God” (Psalm 19:1a)!


God made the cosmos with super-small details.

Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear.   (Hebrews 11:3)

God, through Christ, created the physical matter-energy cosmos out of nothing, and then God constructively shaped that physical matter-energy, at the super-small detailed level (i.e., what we today call “particle physics”), using particles and energy so small that we cannot see that level of detail with our human eyesight.   See Colossians 1:16-17; Hebrews 11:3.)


God made the heavens for good, yet sinful humans idolatrously misuse the heavens.

I will also stretch out mine hand upon Judah, and upon all the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and I will cut off the remnant of Baal from this place, and the name of the Chemarims with the priests, and them that worship the host of heaven upon the housetops; and them that worship and that swear by the Lord, and that swear by Malcham, and them that are turned back from the Lord; and those that have not sought the Lord, nor enquired for him.  (Zephaniah 1:4-6)

Sinful mankind, on repeated occasions, has idolatrously worshiped the sun and/or moon and/or stars, rather than thanked God for making those heavenly objects for God’s glory and for mankind’s benefit. (See Genesis 11:4; Deuteronomy 4:19 & 17:3; Psalm 19:1 & 148:3; 2nd Kings 21:3; 2nd Chronicles 33:3; Jeremiah 19:13; Zephaniah 1:5.)  “The heavens declare the glory of God” (Psalm 19:1a), yet those liars who refuse to give God credit for creating the cosmos, also dishonestly refuse to give God credit for the glory that they see displayed within the heavens.  Consequently, such impious observers (of the heavens) steal credit that is due God, and misapply that credit to the material components of the universe  —  thereby worshiping the creation instead of its Creator (Romans 1:25).  This idolatrous worship of the heavens began early in human history (see, e.g., Genesis 11:4; Job 31:26-27; Deuteronomy 4:19, etc.).

This idolatrous cosmogony continues to this day, especially in the form of the so-called “big bang” theory of cosmogony (a pseudo-science myth illustrating 1st Timothy 6:20, largely hatched as the “cosmic egg” theory by Roman Catholic priest Georges Lemaitre, professor at Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium), a Bible-rejecting myth that pretends that the universe is accidently self-made.  The ultimate result of this modern mythology is that “big bang” proponents (as they reject the perspicuous truth of Genesis) irrationally admire and adore the material universe itself, for (supposedly) “creating” itself, instead of rationally admiring and adoring the great and glorious God Who actually created (and sustains) the vast heavens in all of its component glories (1st Corinthians 15:40-41).  Yet the heavens themselves declare God’s glory!

God made the cosmos about 6000 years ago.

For in 6 days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the 7th day;  therefore, the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.  (Exodus 20:11)

God created and made the heavens and the earth, during Creation Week (1000s of years ago, not billions), just as is reported in Genesis  —  so the cosmos is relatively “young”.  (See Genesis chapters 1-11, especially chapter 1;  see also Exodus 20:11; 1st Chronicles 16:26; John 5:44-47; Psalm 33:6.)  For an analysis of how many have misunderstood — and underestimated  —  the Genesis chronology, and its relevance to calculating an absolute timeframe range for the age of the earth (and also for the cosmos in general), see my analysis in “How Young Is the Earth:  Applying Simple Math to Data Provided in Genesis”, ACTS & FACTS, 37(10):4-5 (October 2008), posted at .

Cosmic-Egg Cosmogonies are Cracked and Crooked Conjectures

Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the Word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear. (Hebrews 11:3)

For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water. (2ndPeter 3:5)


Dr. James J. S. Johnson

Big bangers boast bogus “inflation”,
Yet no facts fit their explanation;
“Dark energy” they chatter,
“Oort clouds” and “dark matter” —
All bunk! — to flee truths of creation!

COMMENTARY: Those who accept the revelation of God understand that the cosmos was spoken into being by God, in the beginning (Hebrews 11:3). Yet many dishonestly dodge the clearly-seen proof of God’s Creatorship, as they willingly evade and ignorantly reject the written record that God has given of His deeds of creation (2nd Peter 3:5). While the heavens continually document the glory of God, showing the artistic works of His fingers, scoffers foolishly and inexcusably deny His truth. (Compare also Psalm 19:1 with Psalm 14:1.) But, as for me, I happily accept the proof of His truth — everyone must make a choice with to do with the truth-witnesses God gives, including His heavenly witnesses (Joshua 24:15).


Eagle Nebula star cluster (; Small Magellanic Cloud’s NGC346 region (; Solar System (fair use) image credit: